India – Given the rapid increase in India’s vehicle population, demand has intensified for modern recovery and recycling facilities to handle those which reach the end of their useful lives. Against this backdrop, a recycling and dismantling demonstration centre has been set up by the country’s Ministry of Heavy Industry – under the auspices of National Automotive Testing and R & D Infrastructure Project (NATRiP) – at the Global Automotive Research Centre (GARC) in Chennai.
The centre aims to develop recycling processes which employ manual labour to the maximum extent, and especially systems for dealing with India’s two-wheelers which account for around 80% by number and 40% by weight of the population. The centre will also train and help upgrade existing units in the unorganised recycling sector.
The centre has been established with the active co-operation of the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM) which had input into the lay-out and equipment. The automotive industry has donated nearly 100 two-wheelers and 25 cars to help kick-start the centre’s activities. According to those involved in this co-operative venture, the centre offers a shining example of public-private partnership in working towards a national objective.
In the USA, Europe and Japan, recycling facilities developed gradually in line with the organic growth of the automotive industry, but the situation is different in India where there are no regulations to deal with the disposal of end-of-life vehicles.